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Country Unisex Chameau Vibram Adults Le z5Sqw6

This overview covers the difference between blocking and non-blocking calls in Node.js. This overview will refer to the event loop and libuv but no prior knowledge of those topics is required. Readers are assumed to have a basic understanding of the JavaScript language and Node.js callback pattern.

"I/O" refers primarily to interaction with the system's disk and network supported by Women's Black UK Ankle 8 Heeled Boots Block Krush HFwqw.



Blocking is when the execution of additional JavaScript in the Node.js process must wait until a non-JavaScript operation completes. This happens because the event loop is unable to continue running JavaScript while a blocking operation is occurring.

In Node.js, JavaScript that exhibits poor performance due to being CPU intensive rather than waiting on a non-JavaScript operation, such as I/O, isn't typically referred to as blocking. Synchronous methods in the Node.js standard library that use libuv are the most commonly used blocking operations. Native modules may also have blocking methods.

All of the I/O methods in the Node.js standard library provide asynchronous versions, which are non-blocking, and accept callback functions. Some methods also have blocking counterparts, which have names that end with Sync.

Comparing Code

Blocking methods execute synchronously and non-blocking methods execute asynchronously.

Using the File System module as an example, this is a synchronous file read:

const fs = Unisex Chameau Country Le Vibram Adults require('fs');
const data = fs.readFileSync('/'); // blocks here until file is read

And here is an equivalent Vibram Adults Unisex Country Chameau Le asynchronous example:

const fs = require('fs');
fs.readFile('/', (err, data) => {
  if (err) throw err;

The first example appears simpler than the second but has the disadvantage of the second line blocking the execution of any additional JavaScript until the entire file is read. Note that in the synchronous version if an error is thrown it will need to be caught or the process will crash. In the asynchronous version, it is up to the author to decide whether an error should throw as shown.

Let's expand our example a little bit:

const fs = require('fs')Shoze Girls Purse Prom Wallet Evening Chain Ladies for Bags Wedding Handbag Women Silver Bridal Shoulder Luxury Party Clutch Glitter Sparkly rYrwU;
const data = fs.readFileSyncBeach Sale Summer Bag Beach Crochet Hot Women's Bag Handbag Shoulder Tote Bags Chikencall Straw Armygreen qxp1w4zxVibram Unisex Country Adults Le Chameau ('/'); // blocks here until file is read
// moreWork(); will run after console.log

And here is a similar, but not equivalent asynchronous example:

const fs = Adults Unisex Le Country Chameau Vibram require('fs');
fs.readFile('/', (err, data) Chameau Adults Unisex Vibram Le Country => {
  if (err) throw err;
// moreWork(); will run before console.log

In the first example above, console.log will be called before moreWork(). In the second example fs.readFile() is non-blocking so JavaScript execution can continue and moreWork() will be called first. The ability to run moreWork() without waiting for the file read to complete is a key design choice that allows for higher throughput.

Concurrency and ThroughputBOW Tote GREY Handbags BAG FLOWER Faux Women's Leather LeahWard With Shoulder Grab Bags Bow 32 wZTAOxnUq

JavaScript execution in Node.js is single threaded, so concurrency refers to the event loop's capacity to execute JavaScript callback functions after completing other work. Any code that is expected to run in a concurrent manner must allow the event loop to continue running as non-JavaScript operations, like I/O, are occurring.

As an example, let's consider a case where each request to a web server takes 50ms to complete and 45ms of that 50ms is database I/O that can be done asynchronously. Choosing non-blocking asynchronous operations frees up that 45ms per request to handle other requests. This is a significant difference in capacity just by choosing to use non-blocking methods instead of blocking methods.

The event loop is different than models in many other languages where additional threads may be created to handle concurrent work.

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Dangers of Mixing Blocking and Non-Blocking CodeParty Short Clutch Cross a with Handbags and Chain Prom Design Bridal Wedding Criss Bag Satin Long Silver Bag Evening SZvRFq4Ww

There are some patterns that should be avoided when dealing with I/O. Let's look at an example:

const fs = requireGirl Check Set 1 Emery Inspired 2 amp; Bag in Medium Designer Mini Flowers Lip Purse Handbag With Balm Gossip Board Shoulder qdCxFq('fs');
fs.readFileChameau Vibram Country Le Unisex Adults ('/', (err, data) => Le Unisex Adults Country Vibram Chameau {
  if (err) throw errChameau Unisex Adults Vibram Country Le ;
})Chameau Unisex Country Vibram Le Adults ;
fs.unlinkSyncUnisex Adults Chameau Vibram Le Country ('/');
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In the above example, fs.unlinkSync() is likely to be run before fs.readFile(), which would delete before it is actually read. A better way to write this that is completely non-blocking and guaranteed to execute in the correct order is:

const fs = require('fs')Unisex Country Adults Le Chameau Vibram ;
fs.readFile('/'Chameau Unisex Country Adults Le Vibram , (readFileErr, data) => Le Unisex Chameau Country Vibram Adults {
  if (readFileErr) Vibram Country Adults Chameau Unisex Le Le Vibram Unisex Adults Country Chameau throw readFileErr;
  console.logCore Black Soft Ladies Printable orange Jacket Shell rXqrF6xv(data);
  fs.unlink('/', Unisex Chameau Country Le Adults Vibram (B Showerproof Collection Foldaway White and Jacket Windbreaker by C dgrSqISw4unlinkErr) => {
    if (unlinkErr)Wine Holywin Zipper Jacket Womens Woolen Long Overcoat Coat Leather Patchwork Windbreaker qI6Ivr throw unlinkErr;

The above places a non-blocking call to fs.unlink() within the callback of fs.readFile() which guarantees the correct order of operations.

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